Nakabugo holds a bachelor of Science in Biomedical Sciences from Makerere University. She also completed a post-graduate Diploma in project planning and management from Uganda management Institute. Nakabugo has been involved in the implementation of HIV/TB projects for the past four years under the Infectious Diseases Institute (IDI) as a quality assurance and Quality Control officer, coordinating Clinical and Laboratory activities. Major projects she has been involved with include BDMAX, GeneXpert Ultra and FujiLAM. Currently, she works as the study coordinator for the TB projects under the TB Diagnostics team of IDI.